John Kenneth Muir's Reflections on Cult Movies and Classic TV
One of the horror genre's "most widely read critics" (Rue Morgue # 68), "an accomplished film journalist" (Comic Buyer's Guide #1535), and the award-winning author of Horror Films of the 1980s (2007), The Rock and Roll Film Encyclopedia (2007) and Horror Films of the 1970s (2002), John Kenneth Muir, presents his blog on film, television and nostalgia, named one of the Top 100 Film Studies Blog on the Net.
(Chuck McCann), Junior (Bob Denver), and Honk (Patty Mahoney) run out of water
on an alien planet. Junior and Honk go
out in a rover to find some of the much-needed liquid, but find colored alien coconuts instead. The milk inside
tastes like chocolate.
Though Barney refuses to taste the milk until it is tasted, Junior shows no such
restraint. After drinking the liquid, he transforms into a hairy green monster
every time he sneezes.
Meanwhile, Trentor -- the leader of the Crystallites (John Carradine) -- spies on the stranded
Earthlings and decides that they could be useful. In particular, he wants to
transform Junior into a Crystallite, after making him king.
The only downside is that Junior will be made
of glass. And, well, that his role as monarch lasts only a day.
and Barney escape from the Crystallites, and make Junior sneeze so that he can
stop the attack of the Crystallites.
second episode of the Sid and Marty Krofft live-action Saturday morning series The
Far Out Space Nuts (1975) follows very closely the format of the first
episode, “It’s All in Your Mind.”
week, it was a computer, G.A.L. that wanted to capture and absorb Junior. This
week, it is an alien Crystallite, played by the legendary John Carradine, who
has a malevolent plan for the clumsy Junior.
both cases, the alien leader has exactly three followers, who fly around on a
hover device, and chase our heroic “space nuts.”
this case, the Crystallites are also armed with transparent glass rods that can crystallize all living matter. And the aforementioned
hovercraft resembles giant salt and pepper shakers.
episode also establishes that the space nuts have no weapons. When tasked with
defending themselves, they resort to a tennis racquet, a beach ball, and a fly
swatter. Not very effective. But these items create a secondary problem
(and one that was frequently seen on Lost in Space [1965-1968]).
are these items doing on a spaceship where there are weight limits, and space
is at a premium? What’s the function, after all, of one tennis racquet, and a
Carradine is our villain of the week, and he acquits himself well, especially considering
his silver costume and glitter make-up. Carradine makes for an effective bad guy, but
it is sad to see an actor of his stature and reputation relegated to a cheap
Saturday morning series, and a guest part like this one.
Finally, this episode is not as creepy as last week's installment, because the villainous minions "ham" up their act, slipping, and sliding, and exaggerating their zombie-like stomp to comic proportions.
Super Friends defend a new energy source called “Liquid Light,” but the Legion
of Doom soon steals it. In truth, the Legion has a far more insidious plan.
uses its agent to capture the super devices of the Justice League, including
Wonder Woman’s lasso, Green Lantern’s power ring, and the utility belts
belonging to Batman and Robin. The Super
Friends are rendered powerless and transported to the HQ of the Legion of Doom.
Wonder Woman, Green Lantern and the Caped Crusaders are put on trial and found
guilty of defending justice. They are sentenced to fight android duplicates of
themselves; but ones armed with their devices.
heroes of the Justice League get a “taste
of their own medicine” in “Trial of the Super Friends.” Deprived of their devices,
they are forced to understand what it is like to be hunted by those who possess
episode of Challenge of the Super Friends (1978) reveals more information
about the Legion of Doom. For example, the members operate by their own set of
laws, of what you might call “anti-justice.” In their eyes, the Super Friends
are the criminals.
Actually, their laws are pretty, well... Libertarian. They seem to object to the heroes on the specific basis that the heroes interfere in their plans to do whatever they desire.Amusingly, the oath in this anti-legal system
is “So help me, Grod.”That’s pretty
we see that the Legion HQ has an operating transporter device that can beam
people from one location to another. As
with other devices, the series’ writers only remember this device sporadically,
when a particular narrative requires it.
usual, logic is not a strong suit. At
one point, Green Lantern is without his power ring. That ring is creating an
impenetrable green force field. But Green Lantern just reaches through it, and
grabs it. Is this because he controls all green powers, even without the
ring? If that’s the case, why bother to
steal the ring anyway?
dialogue watch: This week, Cheetah gets the constantly repeated line, “That’s what you think.” She addresses
it, in this case, to Wonder Woman.
Later, Superman repeats “That’s
what you think” to Black Manta.
line is constantly and tiresomely repeated, and, as we have seen, totally
interchangeable. It’s a playground level taunt for first graders, used by
protagonists and antagonists alike.
exclamation this week is pretty amusing “Holy Mistrials!”
“Justice,” Clark Kent (Tom Welling) is still busy rounding up Kryptonian
criminals who have escaped from the Phantom Zone. But when his old friend, Bart Allen (Kyle
Gallner) -- the fastest man alive -- happens into Kansas, Clark is suspicious
that something is up.
Bart is now working in secret with Oliver Queen/Green Arrow (Justin Hartley),
Arthur Curry/Aquaman (Alan Ritchson), and Victor Stone/Cyborg (Lee Thompson
Young) to help stop Lex Luthor (Michael Rosenbaum), and his secret “33.1”
program, which involves the capture and exploitation of those with unusual
abilities. His plan seems to to create an army of "super freaks."
On his mission to learn more, Bart
walks into a trap at the Luthorcorp Ridge Facility, and Clark attempts to
rescue him, unaware that the same facility is refining the meteor rocks that are
deadly to him.
Fortunately, Oliver’s “Justice” league comes to the rescue, and
destroys the facility.
sixth season episode of Smallville (2001 – 2011) written and
directed by Steve DeKnight, sets up the Justice League for future appearances
on this long-lived superhero series. Indeed, the league would return with new
members (like Black Canary) throughout the remainder of the program’s run.
We live now in an age when superheroes on film
and TV are not shy at all about appearing on-screen in comic-book uniforms. Smallville emerges from
the age immediately preceding that one (post X-Men 2000]) when this was not the
case. There was some embarrassment, apparently, on the part of producers about the comic-book costumes. Accordingly, the Justice League featured here is not seen in uniform,
but rather in colorful “hoodies” and designer eye wear.
Flash -- here called Impulse -- wears a red hoodie, for example. Green Arrow wears a green
one. In a nod to the character’s
appearance in The Super Friends, Arthur Curry’s Aquaman in Smallville
is seen in an orange shirt.
not a perfect solution, for certain, and today – post-Avengers , the
hoodies seem silly and unnecessary, when we could have seen the characters in their classic uniforms instead.
how does “Justice” hold up today?
Well, again, one must consider the historical context.
Smallville arose from a TV era that gave us two brilliant genre series:
X-Files (1993-2002), and Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997 –
2003). In those series, audiences saw monsters-of-the-week, and also a strong
post-modern, or “meta” sensibility.
same is true for Smallville.
notable in this episode is the latter quality.
Oliver jokes that he wants to give his league something with the name “Justice”
in it. Similarly, Clark notes he boasts some “pretty amazing friends,” which
seems like a reference to the Super Friends version of the Justice
League. The whole episode is quippy and
tongue-in-cheek, and yet effective dramatically in one very real sense.
is that sense?
Well, Smallville ran for a very long time,
and had a very “slow burn” approach to its story arcs. “Justice”
is worthwhile because Victor, Arthur, Bart, and Oliver, of course, have all had
special episodes devoted to their back-stories and abilities by this point. "Justice" is not their first appearance, but
rather their first appearance together. Accordingly, there is a sense of history about each of the league members
that we would not have had, if the series had not assiduously devoted time and energy
to establishing their characters individually. That history pays off here.
yes, the episode is a bit cheesy.
I won’t write, as one character quips, that “disappointment
abounds,” but clearly this is the Justice League on a live-action TV budget. The team’s most
dramatic moment finds the group -- walking in slow-motion-photography -- in the
foreground of a shot, as Lex’s facility explodes in the background. The effects don’t hold up particularly well
today, and the moment doesn’t make any sense anyway.
is still human, rather than meta-human, right? Wouldn’t he want to move quickly
away from a fireball?
Actually, the same
thing holds true for Clark, since we know meteor rocks are on the premises, and would
make for very dangerous shrapnel in an explosion of the size we witness. But
now, instead, we get a cool-for-cool’s sake moment.
other disappointment, of course, is that Justice League as featured here lacks two of the most
famous and notable members: Batman and Wonder Woman. Come to think of it, this
Justice League, at this juncture, is all-male.
I was a big fan of Smallville over the years, in part for the investment that
Welling and Rosenbaum clearly put into their starring roles.
So when “Justice” aired for the
first time -- a decade ago -- I was thrilled to see the Justice League come together in live
Enemy Below” is a first season episode of Justice League (2001 - ) that has
the distinction of introducing Aquaman to the prime-time TV series (if not the titular organization).
“The Enemy Below,” a U.S. nuclear submarine, the Defiant, comes under attack by
an advanced vessel. This underwater vehicle belongs to Aquaman, King of
Atlantis, who is protecting his borders from invasion. He has no use for “surface dwellers.”
Aquaman soon has greater problems to contend with: treason. His own brother, Orm, attempts to murder him, and kill his
son, the rightful heir to the Kingdom of Atlantis.
Justice League intervenes to help Aquaman, who must now stop a “doomsday”
device from destroying the surface world.
at what they’ve done to Aqauman! In the 1960’s and 1970’s Aquaman was a blond
haired, friendly superhero who could communicate with the animals of the sea. He
was wholesome and kind, and basically -- down to the curl in his golden hair -- an underwater,
blond version of Superman.
But the upshot was that some people made fun of the character, and felt he wasn't edgy, or angsty enough. He was the butt of many jokes.
So the original portrayal changed in the 1990’s. Aquaman developed an attitude, grew long hair, and
acquired a hook for one hand.
episode of Justice League follows on with that modern portrayal. It depicts a Namor-like, arrogant individual who
wears the heavy weight of ruling Atlantis on his shoulders, and clearly lacks for the social
niceties. And, in the course of the two part “The Enemy Below,” we see the
incident that costs him a hand. Here,
in the act of saving his son, he must cut it off. He later acquires the hook.
far as communicating with animals goes, this Aquaman does call for the assistance of an
Orca during one climactic moment, but we don’t see any psychic waves emanating from his head (as was the
case on The Super Friends in the 1970’s).
Aquaman is so attitudinal that he gruffly pushes Wonder Woman aside -- without so much as
an "excuse me" - and even, by episode’s end, doesn’t fully trust the surface dwellers.
In the original continuity, if I remember correctly, Aquaman was one of the
founding members, actually of the JLA.
I noted in my review of "Secret Origins" earlier today, the writers of Justice League apparently found it
necessary to cause Superman incredible pain on a regular basis in an effort to humanize
the character and show that he wasn't a God. In this story, Superman is constantly being zapped and hurt by Atlantean weaponry,
so we can't assume that he is invincible. Again, I will say that this approach doesn’t really work. Once you realize what
the writers are up to, it becomes something of a joke that Superman is constantly
being battered and blasted.
the fall of 2001 -- on the WB -- the Justice League was finally about to be
Monday nights at 9:30 pm that autumn, many beloved D.C. heroes came together
for two dozen adventures of action and excitement. This was Justice
League, from producers Rich Fogel and Bruce Timm, and it was supposed
to be a far cry from The Super Friends of the 1970’s.
Wendy or Marvin.
“That’s what you think!”-styled dialogue.
the focus was to be on the D.C. Universe and an adult rendering of the League
The protagonists featured in each half-hour episode were Batman, Superman, Jon Stewart (Green
Lantern), Wonder Woman, Hawk Girl, Flash, and Martian Manhunter, who was
introduced to the team in the pilot, “Secret Origins.”
story of “Secret Origins” follows an attack on Earth by a race of alien
parasites controlled by an intelligence called “the Imperium.” Martian Manhunter arrives on Earth to warn our
planet of the extreme danger, since his culture was destroyed by this race.
Soon, it’s all-out war, with only the
superheroes to save mankind from subjugation.
the end of the tale, the aliens are defeated and a Justice League is proposed, “like
a bunch of Super Friends,” according to the dialogue.
like a…Justice League,” is the appropriate response.
grand in concept and in action, The Justice League is not the pure triumph it
might have been because of the extreme focus on action, rather than on
This weakness is plain in “Secret Origins.” It rivals The War of the Worlds, or at least
Independence Day (1996) in terms of scope and ambition, but the characters are
given short shrift. Hawk Girl and the Flash just show up, with no back-story or
history to help us get to know them
two heroes -- Martian Manhunter, and Wonder Woman -- are given much by means of “secret
origins” in this tale. We learn here the tragic history of J’onn J’onz on Mars, and also the story
of Wonder Woman leaving Paradise Island.
When she first sees the superheroes, Green Lantern asks “Who’s the
rookie in the tiara?”
So Wonder Woman is, in essence, in this series, a novice superhero.
and Superman are “in character,” here, meaning that they behave in ways that
mark them as individual and distinctive people, but they still don’t get a lot of
interesting things to say or do. At the very
least, they don’t announce what they are doing, all the time, like the
characters did on The Super Friends.
“Secret Origins” features some scenes at the UN involving a protest about
weapons of mass destruction, making it particularly timely for the turn of the
century, and the soon-to-be Age of 9/11.
Here Superman repeats his actions from the feature film Superman IV: The Quest for Peace (1987), disarming the nuclear weapons of the world,
only to see the interference back-fire.
The Imperium arrives, and Earthlings
can’t defend themselves without their nukes. So, make no
mistake, this first episode of Justice League is a social commentary about the need to maintain
an arsenal of weapons of mass destruction.
Who knows when the next super
villain plots to invade the planet, or our nation? At least that seems to be the undercurrent here.
Superman’s act of kindness and peace is
viewed as misguided and having the opposite effect. The impact is to humanize the character (and reveal his flaws), but
again, it’s strange that the writers picked this particular lesson since it was, indeed,
the very lesson of Quest for Peace, which isn’t exactly considered a high point
in the D.C. movie-verse.
Re-watching Justice League this time (in 2017), I noticed that the writers make special pains to give Superman feet of clay, so that he is "relatable" as a character, and not a God Incarnate. In this episode, for example, the Man of Steel is almost constantly undergoing "pain" from mental contact with Martian Manhunter. He is always doubling over, collapsing, and grimacing. I'm not sure it really works in terms of the character.
great thing about “Secret Origins,” I suppose, is that it is action-packed, and each
character gets a moment to shine…violently. We understand, from the visuals,
exactly what each hero brings to the table, in terms of abilities, and
At the time the series aired,
I watched it religiously, but came away, after the first season, feeling that,
again, an opportunity not been fully exploited. This is a more faithful take on the D.C. Justice League than we have yet seen, but I'm not sure that it accomplishes that meme of doing the team members "justice." I know the series is very highly-regarded by fans, but on a re-watch I found the constant focus on action to, actually, sort of dull.
In keeping with my Super Friends theme, I'm looking back at a famous DC Comics Super Friends toy line from the decade of Reagan. The Kenner Super Powers Collection was sold in toy stores from 1984 - 1986 and featured a full range of vehicles, action figures and even a play set.
In terms of action figures, the Super Powers Collection consisted of the 3 3/4 inch size popularized by Kenner's Star Wars line, and included three waves.
The first wave of figures included twelve iconic figures: Superman, Flash, Batman, Robin, Green Lantern, Wonder Woman, Aquaman, Hawkman and villains such as Brainiac, Luthor, Penguin and Joker. Joker came with a green, oversized Joker mallet, and Penguin was armed -- of course -- with an umbrella. So he could battle Superman, Luthor wore a "power suit."
Second and third wave figures in this Kenner line included Green Arrow, Martian Manhunter, Red Tornado, Dr. Fate, Darkseid, Kalibak, Plastic Man, Shazam, Samurai, Mr. Freeze and more. There was even a mail-away Clark Kent action figure that today is highly prized amongst collectors.
In terms of vehicles, the Super Powers Collection offered several. There was a blue batcopter and blue Batmobile (two-seater) and a rocket-like "Supermobile" (though why Superman would need a vehicle is a question I need answered immediately...). Other vehicles were a bit more unfamiliar.
For instance, Lex Luthor had his very own plane/car combination, the Lex-Soar 7. This purple rocket was described as his "assault ship" and came complete with a Kryptonite Crystal, laser cannons and action figure "gripper claws" so Luthor could "use Kryptonite to weaken Superman!"
Another villain's conveyance was the Kalibak Boulder Bomber Vehicle, the "Cruel Crusher's Massive Machine." It came pimped out with spring-launched maces, grinding teeth (!) and removable spearheads. The box advertised that "No one gets in the way of Kalibak as the teeth of this vicious vehicle grind into action!"
Perhaps the coolest to associated with the Kenner Super Powers Collection was the very large, cast-in-yellow Hall of Justice Play set. Once opened, this huge toy revealed several internal computer rooms, two jail cells for villains, a trap door mechanism on an upper level, and a storage center for Super Friend equipment. Opened up, this great toy featured three over-sized rooms, one in blue.
Now if only Kenner had produced a Legion of Doom HQ in this series...